2017 RB Class

Christian McCaffrey’s dual-threat potential

Just one year ago, McCaffrey was widely accepted as the most versatile back in the country as he finished second to Derrick Henry for the Heisman trophy. Let’s dig into the Yards Created data and find out why Christian McCaffrey is such a captivating prospect.

Games Sampled

Game Att. RuYds YPC RuTD Rec ReYD YPR ReTD
Washington 12 49 4.1 0 5 30 6 0
USC 31 172 5.5 1 3 66 22 1
Arizona 23 169 7.3 2 4 27 6.8 1
Oregon 17 135 7.9 3 5 52 10.4 0
Cal 31 284 9.2 3 4 22 5.5 0

 To be honest, it was quite hard to find two “bad” statistical games to sample for McCaffrey. Over the last two seasons combined, McCaffrey has gained at least 110 yards from scrimmage in 22-of-25 games with 10 occurrences over 200 all-purpose yards. What’s amazing, too, is McCaffrey gained 150 scrimmage yards in all but three games in 2016 alone (out of 12 contests).

This all goes without mentioning that Christian McCaffrey was also an unbelievable return-man while at Stanford, too. Among college kick return-men with at least 50 career attempts, McCaffrey ranks 45th since 2000 in yards per kick return (26.4). For reference, Rotoviz’s Jon Moore wrote about the hidden value of college Special Teams stats in 2015.

From a counting statistics perspective, McCaffrey is one of the most prolific college rushers—and receivers—of our time. In fact, he is one of just 12 running backs since 2000 to run for at least 3,500 yards and have over 1,000 receiving yards in a career. Among players on that list, McCaffrey leads everyone in both yards per carry (6.2) and yards per reception (12.1) for their respective careers. That’s absurd.

We’re not even close to being done yet, though.

Stanford’s Yards Blocked and Christian McCaffrey’s Yards Created

Per Att. Data Yards Blocked/Att. Yards Created/Att.
Total Attempts: 105 5.69 1.36
Sample Average 5.06 1.12


Not surprisingly for an insanely prolific college running back such as Christian McCaffrey, he smashes Yards Created’s main offering.

Before we get buried in data though, I should mention right off of the bat that Stanford’s running game is one of the most nuanced in the nation. The Cardinal offensive line does a little bit of everything in the trenches. They run unbalanced lines (with three tackles and odd formations with the tight end), they run power out of I-formation, and typical inside-zone from the shotgun. Also, at 1.36 yards blocked per rush attempt, Stanford is the second-best offensive line I have in my database and per FootballOutsiders’, Stanford had the ninth-fewest percentage of carries by running backs stopped at or before the line of scrimmage.

He definitely benefited from an incredibly “multiple” and talented offensive line, but Christian McCaffrey should be well versed in every type of blocking scheme. That is mostly uncharted territory for college running backs.

Run Type Data

Inside Outside Counter Toss Other
60.0% 11.4% 13.3% 10.5% 1.0%

McCaffrey primarily ran the ball with the quarterback under center:

Shotgun/Pistol Under Center
37.1% 62.9%

I should note in this space that I do not use Wildcat or direct-snap formations in Yards Created samples. Just as Stanford ran a litany of base rushing plays, they also ran a fair share of Wildcat with McCaffrey as the featured back receiving the direct snap. Not only is it hard to chart direct snap plays, Wildcat formations are used sparingly in today’s NFL.

At 4.93 Yards Created per attempt on inside runs, McCaffrey is certainly one of the better interior rushers in the college ranks. For reference, the sample average Yards Created on interior running plays is 4.74 yards. As for outside rushes, it is hard to draw steadfast conclusions based on McCaffrey’s 12 off-tackle carries.

On another scale, McCaffrey impressively created virtually the same amount of yardage regardless of the formation the offense was running out of. In shotgun or pistol sets McCaffrey created a robust 5.74 yards per attempt versus 5.66 yards on carries with the quarterback under center. On average, there is usually a 0.78-yard difference in favor of runs out of the shotgun. Meaning, regardless of the college program, running out of the shotgun is usually slightly more efficient. McCaffrey is a very balanced runner compared to the field here.

Defenders in the Box

7 or fewer 8 In Box 9 or more In Box Avg. In Box
36.19% 31.43% 32.38% 8.10


As a result of all the different formations and sets Stanford uses in their offense, McCaffrey faced every defensive front imaginable. To be transparent, I’m still cracking the ice on this data. Still, it’s remarkable that McCaffrey posted 5.69 Yards Created per attempt while facing eight or more defenders on 64% of his carries. For a barometer, D’Onta Foreman created more yards on a per attempt basis (5.82) than McCaffrey but he primarily faced light boxes. Foreman faced eight or more opponents in the box on just 17% of carries.

Yards Blocked/Att. 7 or Fewer Yards Created/Att. 7 or Fewer YB/Att. 8 or More YC/Att. 8 or More
1.58 5.39 1.23 5.86


McCaffrey ended up posting slightly more Yards Created against eight or more defenders, which may go against conventional wisdom. Keep in mind: Offensive personnel dictates how defenses align. When Stanford ran their unbalanced lines with three tackles, opposing defensive coaches had to match it. At the very least, there are not any warning signs in McCaffrey’s Yards Created sample that suggests he just took advantage of weak fronts. Once again, McCaffrey’s output is very balanced in each category.

Missed Tackles Forced (Rushing)

MT Power/Att. MT Elusiveness/Att. MT Speed/Att. MT/Att.
0.11 0.19 0.10 0.400


And here is the missed tackle data in the receiving game and on a per opportunity (attempts plus targets) basis:

Missed Tackles Forced (Receiving and per opportunity)

MT Power/Tgt MT Elusive/Tgt MT Speed/Tgt MT/Opp.
0 0.54 0.04 0.436

At 0.436 missed tackles per opportunity (rush or target), McCaffrey forced the second-most whiffed tackles in the class behind Joe Mixon (0.577). More specifically, McCaffrey is easily one of the most elusive backs in Yards Created’s very short history. 60.3% of McCaffrey’s cumulative missed tackles in his sample came via a juke, spin, or cut (elusiveness). That is staggering.

My only real concern with McCaffrey is his long speed. We have seen that McCaffrey is nothing short of a craftsman regardless of formation, run type, and defensive alignment but he does not possess the long-speed or linear explosion of some of his peers in the 2017 class. Now, that is not to say McCaffrey lacks enough speed to succeed in the NFL. At 0.10 missed tackles forced per attempt by speed, McCaffrey is just closer to average here respective of other metrics. McCaffrey is not a rough runner with explosive power and break-neck pace, but he instead dominates with short area quickness and great agility. That is still a winning formula.

Route Run Data

Routes/G Targets/G Yards Gained/Route aDOT Backfield% Wide%
9.0 5.6 4.38 1.70 68.9% 31.1%

While McCaffrey excels as a runner, he tyrannized opposing defenses as a receiver. Stanford fed McCaffrey the ball in every facet of their passing game and he did not disappoint. McCaffrey’s 5.60 targets per game in college are the second-most I have in my database to-date.

Moreover, McCaffrey was split out wide on 31.1% of his routes while at Stanford. Not only is that unprecedented for a running back, it illuminates just how versatile of a prospect McCaffrey actually is. For perspective her, the only other running back to run over 20% of his routes in college while split out versus a defensive back or linebacker was C.J. Prosise. The average collegiate running back runs just 10% of their routes split out wide.

As you could imagine, McCaffrey ran every single route imaginable, too. 73.4% of McCaffrey’s total routes were comprised of check-and-releases, flat routes, and screens, which is pretty typical. However, the Cardinal product mastered the entire route tree to perfection. The remaining quarter of McCaffrey’s passing routes were distributed equally between nine routes, angles, curls, out routes, and in routes.

As far as rushing and receiving goes, McCaffrey is a total package.

Pass Protection Execution (PPE)

Pass Pro Att. Pass Pro Execution%
16 81.3%

 While McCaffrey ended up slightly above average in pass protection execution (PPE), there were times in McCaffrey’s sample where he barely squared up in time to meet defenders in the pocket and other moments where he flat out missed his assignment. McCaffrey only allowed three pressures/sacks, but it’s more than fair to say he still needs to improve in pass protection. Even for the most NFL-ready running backs not named Ezekiel Elliott, it’s common for collegiate prospects to struggle a bit at protecting the quarterback. At the very least, McCaffrey’s technique just needs improvement at the next level.

The Life of Pablo

NFL teams will have their pick of the litter when it comes to running backs this season. Unlike last year, there is every flavor of back on the board that offers their own unique skill-set. Christian McCaffrey is no different.

To boot, McCaffrey is the second-youngest player among all running backs in the draft. Astonishingly, McCaffrey won’t turn 21-years-old until a month after the NFL Draft. Only Joe Mixon is younger than McCaffrey in the 2017 running back class.

Ultimately, McCaffrey’s patience, field vision, and ability to create regardless of offensive scheme or defensive personnel are traits that set him apart from a list of great college backs. As a rusher, receiver, and returner, McCaffrey is a tremendous playmaker and a future PPR monster in fantasy football if he lands on a team with a forward-thinking view of the position.

(Originally posted February 2017 at Fantasy Guru).

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